Globally, mostly people from underdeveloped countries, approximately 69 million of people are bound to eat less food than their basic requirements even they starve for many days. The situation accelerates poor health and reduced productivity. Hunger is a deadly condition. There are a lot of underlying reasons and interconnected events when people don’t have the capacity to have enough food to sustain a healthy life. As per FAO, 2017 report around 64% of the world malnourished child live in the south east Asian countries. The production of world food is gradually increasing even though the current status of hunger doesn’t support the fact. Charity and empathy both are required to develop a hunger-free world. Among the 17 SDG goals, goal -2, end hunger supports to develop a sustainable food system which directly focuses to the first basic human needs.
What is zero hunger:
Zero hunger doesn’t simply mean to provide all the citizen of the world only with food. But it reflects the vision to end all form of hunger, eliminates malnutrition as well as to develop a proper market system to ensure optimum food security and thus improve nutrition security. There remain certain challenges in achieving SDG goal – 2. To end hunger all the food system needs to be sustainable from the production to consumption level. Improvement of small-scale production, ensure year-round same production and supply of food and reduction of food wastage from the production, supply and consumption level are the major challenges.
Reasons of hunger:
There are so many interconnected events responsible for hunger. Amid, poverty is the focal reason that is influenced by several other factors like social, demographic, political, environmental, etc. Weather related impact, climate change and conflict are also the attributes of hunger. Whatever may be the reason behind hunger, we are still in a position where we can afford to do better to eat better. We can take few steps to mitigate the problem. Firstly, Government from developing and underdeveloped countries can arrange social protection scheme with appropriate measurable actions and can set indicators that would essentially help them to identify the effectivity of the plan. Improvement in individual purchasing power would help in economic growth that would create more job opportunities. Secondly, development of the infrastructure and smoothen the road towards market are required. Easy accessibility of food in the market with efficient supply chain would decrease the food price as well as would eradicate hunger subsequently. Thirdly, we must stop food wastage. The scenario is different for the developed and underdeveloped countries. For the developed countries food is wasted in the plate and for the developing and underdeveloped countries food is wasted majorly at the production level as well as post production times. Fourthly, we need to research more to develop new resilient crops to produce enough food so that we can meet the basic needs of the world population. Lastly, we need to improve our knowledge level about the basic requirements of food required for our survival.
Current situation of hunger in the South East Asian countries:
Statistics showed that south east Asian countries are most affected by hunger as the economic condition of these countries are not up to the mark. As per FAO, 2017 report 519.6 million of the people of these countries don’t get sufficient food to meet their basic energy requirements that represents approximately 12% of the total population of the Asia. According to World bank, 2018 report more than half of the stunted under five children lived in south east Asian region. Stunning appears due to the long-term undernourishment of the body. It represents the choric nutrient deficiency of life. Also, the report found that two third of world wasted under five children lived in Asia. As per the global hunger index (GHI) south Asia scored 30.9 that reflects serious hunger status. The prevalence of micronutrient deficiency especially Vitamin A, zinc and iron are very common in the Asian countries. Due to poor hygiene and sanitation diarrhea and other water borne disease are very frequent. Sadly, gender inequality, social violence and domestic dominance make the condition worst.
How the international organization work to achieve zero hunger:
Development sector run through the donation of government as well as private funding. Several NGOs of the world work relentlessly to eliminate hunger as well as to reduce the prevalence of malnutrition from the world. They work from the empathy they feel for the world. Through the continuous and cumulative charity work by different organization in the world reduction of hunger is possible. Globally, there are a lot of organization that solely work to feed the world citizen. Among them Manob America is a charitable social enterprise that carry out different feeding programs: feed for love activities. With the aid of several public and private finding this organization tries to help people to reduce poverty, meet their financial requirements and mostly provide the poor with food and shelter beyond national boundaries.
To achieve zero hunger is difficult, but still feasible. We need to work collectively for the community people from all the sector of the world. Several organizations in the world are working day and night to change the situation, but still, we all need to work from our side to save the humanity to have a beautiful world. At the current status of hunger work for humanity is urgently needed.
February 23, 2021
Tamanna Toma Khan
Intern, Manob America